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What is responsive web design? and How to Use It?

Responsive Web Design

Responsive Web Design

The approach known as responsive web design proposes that web design and development should adapt to the user’s environment and behavior in light of screen size, platform, and orientation.

Images, flexible grids and layouts, and smart use of CSS media queries make up the practice. The website should adapt to the iPad’s resolution, image size, and scripting capabilities when the user switches from a laptop to an iPad.It’s possible to also need to think about the settings on their devices; For instance, the website shouldn’t prevent the user from accessing the page if they have an iOS VPN installed on their iPad.To put it another way, the technology on the website ought to be able to automatically adjust to the preferences of the user. As a result, there would no longer be a need for a distinct design and development phase for each brand-new product on the market.

How to Use It Responsive Web Design

Adjusting Screen Resolution

Screen orientations, definitions, and resolutions all change as there are more devices. Every day, new devices with new screen sizes are made, and each one may be able to handle differences in size, functionality, and even color. Some are in portrait, some in the landscape, and some are even square. Since the iPhone, iPad, and other advanced smartphones are getting more and more popular, we are aware that many new devices can be switched from portrait to landscape at the user’s discretion. How can one design for such circumstances?

We need to take into account the hundreds of different screen sizes in addition to designing for landscape and portrait orientations—and making it possible for those orientations to switch in a split second upon page load. Yes, it is possible to design for each major category, group them into groups, and make each design as adaptable as possible. However, that can be overwhelming, and no one can predict how many people will use it in five years. Furthermore, numerous clients don’t boost their programs, which itself leaves to an extreme degree an excessive amount of space for assortment among screen sizes.

Flexible Images

Working with images is a major issue that responsive web design must address. Many of the methods for resizing images in a proportional manner are simple. Using the CSS max-width for an easy fix is the most popular option, as noted in Ethan Marcotte’s article on fluid images but first tried by Richard Rutter.

Unless the viewing area becomes narrower than the image’s original width, every image will load in its original size as long as no other width-based image styles override this rule. Because the maximum width of the image is set to 100% of the width of the browser or screen, the image shrinks when that 100% gets smaller.”The idea behind fluid images is that you convey pictures at the most extreme size they will be utilized at. Instead of pronouncing the level and width in your code, you use CSS to direct their general sizes and let the program resize the pictures as needed. It’s an extraordinary and simple approach to resizing pictures delightfully.

Every image will load in its original size as long as no other width-based image styles override this rule unless the viewing area becomes narrower than the image’s original width. The image shrinks when that 100% gets smaller because its maximum width is set to the width of the browser or screen. Jason Grigsby stated, “The idea behind fluid images is that you send images in the highest possible resolution.”CSS is used to specify their relative sizes and allow the browser to resize the images as needed, rather than declaring the height and width in your code. It’s a great and simple way to resize images beautifully.

While the above is a great quick fix and a good start for responsive images, the primary considerations should be image resolution and download times. Although resizing an image for mobile devices can be simple, if the original image size was intended for large devices, it may significantly slow down download times and occupy unnecessary space.

Custom Layout Structure

We might want to completely change the layout if the size changes a lot, either by using a separate style sheet or, more efficiently, a CSS media query. This doesn’t have to be difficult; While specific style sheets can inherit these styles and move elements around with floats, widths, heights, and so on, the majority of styles can remain unchanged.

We could, for instance, use a single primary style sheet—which would also serve as the default—to define all of the primary structural elements—such as the wrapper, the content, the sidebar, and the navigation—as well as colors, backgrounds, and typography. Flexible widths and floats by default could also be set.

We could then switch to a different style sheet if a style sheet made the layout too short, wide, tall, or narrow. Everything from the default style sheet would be incorporated into this new child style sheet, which would then only restructure the layout’s structure.

Showing Or Hiding Content

As a screen gets smaller, you can shrink things proportionally and move parts around as needed to make everything fit (reasonably well). Although it is wonderful that this is a possibility, not all content from large screens can be displayed on smaller screens or mobile devices. We have mobile-friendly best practices: more focused content, lists or rows rather than multiple columns, and simpler navigation.

The ability to design a layout that adapts to a variety of platforms and screen sizes is only one aspect of responsive web design.It should also concern the user’s ability to select content. Thankfully, CSS has made it simple for us to show and hide content for years!

Declare display either way: none for the HTML block element that must be hidden in a particular style sheet or for JavaScript-based browser width detection. We can hide content that should only be available in mobile versions or on smaller devices in addition to hiding content on smaller screens in our default style sheet (for larger screens). We could, for instance, replace major pieces of content that are hidden with links to that content or a completely new navigation structure.

Note that visibility has not been utilized: buried here; even though the content is still there, this simply hides it, whereas the display property completely removes it. It is unnecessary to keep the markup on the page for smaller devices because it uses resources and may even break the layout or necessitate unnecessary scrolling.


Here are some useful links related to responsive web design:

  1. Mozilla Developer Network (MDN) – Responsive Web Design Basics:
  2. Google Developers – Responsive Web Design:
  3. W3Schools – Responsive Web Design Tutorial:
  4. Smashing Magazine – Responsive Web Design:
  5. CSS-Tricks – A Complete Guide to Flexbox:
  6. CSS Grid – A Complete Guide:
  7. Responsive Web Design Patterns by Brad Frost:

Remember to check the credibility of the sources and verify if they are up to date with the latest web development practices.


We are to be sure to enter another time of Website composition and improvement. Extremely numerous choices are accessible now, and there will be unreasonably numerous in the future to keep changing and making custom answers for each screen size, gadget,08, and progression in innovation. We ought to rather begin another period today: making sites that are future-prepared at this moment. Understanding how to make a plan receptive to the client doesn’t need a lot of learning, and it can be not so much upsetting but rather more useful than figuring out how to plan and code appropriately for each and every gadget accessible.

The strategies discussed above and responsive web design are not the final solutions to the ever-evolving mobile world. Although it is only a concept, responsive web design has the potential to enhance the user experience when properly implemented, but it does not completely address the issue for every user, device, and platform. As technology advances in the coming years, we will need to constantly experiment with new devices, resolutions, and technologies to continuously enhance the user experience.

Not only does responsive web design save us from frustration, but it is also best for the user. A better user experience results from every custom solution. We can create custom solutions for a wider range of users, on a wider range of devices, with responsive web design. A website can be tailored just as well for people who use old laptops or other devices as it can for most people who use the latest gadgets, and just as well for the few people who use the latest gadgets now and in the future. A great customer experience is created for everyone through responsive web design. That’s what we as web designers strive for on every project, right?

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